In 1994, the New York Times reported a scientific study that revealed
that aluminum and fluoride in water could be responsible for the
alarming increase in Alzheimer's Disease and senile dementia.
This confirmed the long-held suspicion of environmental writer
George Glasser that fluoride has the ability to react with other
toxic minerals in drinking water. Serious drug interactions are
common in medicine, and for years Glasser has badgered various US
government agencies to investigate this specific interaction between
fluoride and other substances.
"Aluminum sulfate (alum) is used to clarify drinking water
and I could see the possible relationship with Alzheimer's-like
dementia," said Glasser. "In 1999, the US Environmental
Protection Agency finally reviewed three studies carried out by
scientists at Binghamton University in New York. The scientists
reported 80% death rates, kidney damage and brain damage in rats
exposed to half of one milligram of aluminum fluoride complexes
in a liter of drinking water. This is less than half of the amount
of fluoride which is added in fluoridation schemes.
Finally, the National Toxicology Program was asked to commission
studies to determine the extent of neurotoxic damage from aluminum
in drinking water, particularly stressing the fluoride interaction."
Last October, a Report by the National Institutes of Environmental
Heath Sciences(NIEHS) acknowledged that fluoride has been observed
to have synergistic effects on the toxicity of aluminum.
"I was particularly pleased when the US Environmental Protection
Agency report by Urbansky and Schock on the toxicity of lead and
fluoride in drinking water confirmed that fluoride complexes with
other substances in the water. They also acknowledged that most
drinking water contains a substantial amount of fluoro-aluminium
complexes. This should be a warning to dentists who hold with the
simplistic notion that fluoride only affects teeth and is perfectly
safe in drinking water."
According to the NIEHS Report, most water treatment processes result
in increased levels of aluminum in the finished drinking water.
It stated that fluoridation will result in aluminum fluoride complexes
which will enhance neurotoxicity, or that fluoride itself will enhance
uptake and synergise the toxicity of the aluminum.
Other studies have shown that in the presence of fluoride, aluminum
leaches out of cookware. Boiling fluoridated tap water in an aluminum
pan leached almost 200 parts per million (ppm) of aluminum into
the water in 10 minutes.
Leaching of up to 600 PPM occurred with prolonged boiling. Different
releases of aluminum depend upon the composition of the pan and
the type of food being cooked. Using non-fluoridated water showed
almost no leaching from aluminum pans.
Glasser is frustrated that the Report recommended further studies.
"There are more than 40,000 studies on fluoride in the scientific
literature. How many more do they need? The recent York review examined
less than 300 - and they never bothered to review the Binghamton
The incidence of Alzheimer's Disease and Alzheimer's-like dementia
is hitting people at much younger ages. The average age used to
be 65 - now, it affects people in their forties in ever-increasing
numbers. With these revelations, health authorities have a moral
obligation to employ the precautionary principle and cease the practice
of artificial fluoridation forthwith. In the meantime, six million
people in England and about 160 million in the United States drink
artificially fluoridated water."
US Government References:
George Glasser articles:
For more information, contact:
George Glasser (currently in UK):
Jane Jones, Campaign Director, National Pure Water Association